The Eiffel Tower (French: La Tour Eiffel) is a 324-meter-high iron truss tower in Paris. It is located in the 7th arrondissement at the northwestern end of the Champ de Mars, near the banks of the Seine. Built between 1887 and 1889, the building was erected as a monumental entrance portal and observation tower for the World’s Fair to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution.
Named after the builder Gustave Eiffel and at the time of construction still 312 meters high tower was from its construction until the completion of the 1930 Chrysler Building in New York, the tallest structure in the world. With the broadcast of the first public radio program in Europe in 1921 and the first French television program in 1935, the building contributed as a radio tower to the history of radio and television. The television tower is the main transmitter of the metropolitan area of Paris and houses as a tower restaurant, the Michelin-starred restaurant Le Jules Verne.
As the tallest building in Paris, it still shapes the cityscape to this day and is one of the most visited landmarks in the world with around seven million paying visitors per year. The tower is one of the most famous icons of architecture and engineering. The Eiffel Tower is the model of many imitation buildings and is widely used in art and culture in connection with Paris and France. He is considered a national symbol of the French and became a global icon of modernity. Since 1964, the Eiffel Tower has been listed as a monument historique, and in 1986 the American Society of Civil Engineers included the building in the list of historical milestones in civil engineering.
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